Thursday, October 05, 2017

एही ठैंया झुलनी हेरानी हो रामा EHI THAIYAN JHULNI HAIRANI HO RAMA

While going through a book of Hindi prescribed in Class 10 of CBSE board I found an interesting story written by Shri Shivprasad Mishra nicknamed Rudra. This story was taken from his creation on Ganga. The story titled in the class 10th book as EHI THAIYAN JHULNI HAIRANI HO RAMA

on google search one link i found of this song. Here in this song the word JHULNI is replaced by MOTIA. Jhulni is the nose ring or ear rings or forehead ornament ("benda" or matha tika) in the common dialect. In this video of a film song  HemaMalini performed the dance, but with totally different bhaav from the song written in that story. In the story the emotion is of PAIN, Loss in the heart of Singer who secretly in her heart felt kindness towards the boy-TUNNU, who had been killed during riot and it was said that British Police/force killed him including all those who raised voice against the atrocities of the British rulers. 

The objective of that time was to discard anything of foreign origin cloths etc, everything even the ruler?
This lad TUNNU was also in the procession. He loved the lady singer Dulari Bai and had gifted a KHADI Saree. This lady singer scolded the boy so that being a young boy and belonging to a noble family( !!) he should become a good boy/Man and do not run after a "singer" Nautch girl- that will bring ill fame on him and his family. See how great was that lady. She threw his gift the saree, tears rolled out due to great hurt he felt, tears dropped on saree, and the boy went away in pain.
She immediately picked up that gift, took it into her room, closed the doors and started weeping. She kept on kissing the saree, that was a gift which No one else had brought for her.
All gifts brought to her earlier had ulterior motives, She never wanted those gifts. Deep in her heart she felt that this gift of Khadi Saree is the most precious she ever got? It was due to pure love for her that Tunnu brought this gift. She had been continuously scolding insulting this boy but this boy always take out time to come at her door just to see her and tried to talk to her. He could never talked to her in a frank manner.

एही ठैंया झुलनी हेरानी हो रामा की नायिका बनारसी गौनहारिन दुलारी बाई बटलोही में चुरती हुई दाल को क्रोध में ठोकर मारकर गिरा देती है। उसकी ऐसी तल्खी, तेवर और साफगोई से प्रभावित होकर सोलह वर्षीय टुन्नू उससे प्रेम करने लगता है।  दुलारी को यह प्रेम अनैतिक लगता है क्योंकि दुलारी और टुन्नू के बीच उम्र का बहुत बडा फासला है, जिसे नैतिक और सामाजिक स्वीकृति नहीं मिल सकती है। उसी टुन्नू की भेंट की हुई खद्दर की साडी से सरेआम दुलारी फांसी लगाकर मर जाती है। इस प्रेम में ढेर सारे विमर्श हैं, सवाल हैं, जो आधुनिक साहित्य में अब जाकर आए हैं। बहती गंगा है।

She was invited (dragged pressurized ) to perform in mehfil by those very police who knew that her boy lover has been killed. She had no option and thus performed. She sang this song एही ठैंया झुलनी हेरानी हो रामा.. indicating that her honour pride she lost at this very place? what she can do?
and those very people, whose in front of she is singing are responsible for murder of her true LOVE.  How cruel those people were. 
What hurt me the attitude towards a singer, often we sing in promotion of our society but the bitter truth is that still in New India we don't give dignity or respect as an individual to those singer dancer ladies who by some compulsion had to choose this profession. 

I dont know but it is said that this story was written inspired by the famous Singer Rassolan Bai, who is hailed as one of the top most singer from Banares, Varanasi and she was a great artist of Hindustani Classical music sang on All India Radio. But also it said that she died in very bad financial condition. She had discarded the Kotha, immediately during the independence she came out and started performing in open public functions. As earlier most of the tawaif were singing inside the Kotha or in invited closed mehfills of few rich patrons or in the courts of Raja Nawabs etc. I dont know how far it is true. But whatever i have great respect for her. If you listen to her songs now available in youtube etc one can know how great singing she had.

Thursday, September 28, 2017

Festival of Tribal Dance

This i had written after watching Festival of Tribal Dance, conceived by most renowned Theatre personality Ratan Thiyam. I had been his admirer since many years. At kanpur i used to get news about him through Doordarshan or News Papers. When i was in Delhi then he had shifted in Manipur. But when i heard the news that Festival is going to happen in Port Blair immediately i rushed to get a life time opportunity to see him live. Luckily i got seat just behind him. This concept of festival may be old but i got to know very recently. A good concept to combine the Song Dance and Theatre all together at one platform for Tribal communities to come and perform. All this happened under ageis of NSD National School of Drama.  In sidelines of this performances a workshop or seminar kind of thing was also there. Where various research workers and Tribal groups also interacted and presented their analysis etc. I was none of them but being an ardent lover of Arts- Dance i was attracted to this.

Tuesday, September 05, 2017

Women are contributer to Agriculture but not much is said

There are certain works in fields traditionally done by women
Women work side by side with men ofhouseholds
women of household always work along with men
women of household do work continuously in fields
Women folk do help a lot in Agirculture related works as member of household
As per census 2011
Percentage of Male cultivators to total workers is 24.9. [Rural- 35.2
& Urban-2.7]. Percentage of Female cultivators to total workers is 24
[Rural-28.8 & Urban-3.1].

other wise the work participation ratio of women remains lower than
males. But above we find that female cultivators are just at equal
percentage approx. but still in rural areas the cultivator percentage
of women is recorded lower than males.
WPR female at all India level was 25.5% [rural – 30% and Urban-15.4%]
work participation of Males in 53.3% [Rural- 53% and Urban – 53.8%]

Friday, August 18, 2017

प्रभु जी मेरे अवगुण चित ना धरो Prabhu ji mere avgun chit na dharo: said a Dancer to Swami Vivekananda

प्रभु जी मेरे अवगुण चित ना धरो  Prabhu ji mere avgun chit na dharo:
said a Dancer to Swami Vivekananda ji
Do you remember? I had read it in a book 35 years back. And this remained with me ever since.
Our India a land of great peoples. No doubt that Swami Vivekananda ji is Yug Purush as we can refer to him but he was born as Narendra Dutt.
Since then i had imagined how that lady, the dancer singer would have looked like? Any guess?

Here i wish to highlight the greatness of a lady, a woman, who as per then social perception was a dancer, courtesan and looked down upon by society. Since i dont know what exactly common people thought about her, but by listening and reading what people still today say about any woman or girl who dances on stage, gives me hint about what people back in those days might have thought about that lady. Obviously she might not have chosen dance as her profession by choice? It was forced upon her either by birth, or by forcibly kidnapping a girl or poverty. Other than these no other cause was there that had forced a girl to enter the profession of dancing girl, knowingly that what society at large perceived this profession.

No matter what was circumstances but few of such lady or women have shown how to shine in glory with their intelligence, will power or loyalty or love for nation.
Ajijun Bai, Hussna Bai of Kanpur, Most famous names which i have read are Rai Praveen of Orcha, a princely state of Madhya Pradesh. other one is this RoopKunwar or Lal kunwar i dont know correct name but she was the dance girl or Courtesan in court of a princely state of Rajasthan. There are two instances referred about Swami Vivekananda ji. If you google about it we get 2 links. One relates for this incident happened in Jaipur. Other relates it to Raja of Khetri. This later may be more authentic as Swami VivekaNanda met and became close friend of  Raja Ajit Singh of Khetri. He was the sole person who created a SWAMI out of Narendra Dutt, I think so. I searched for the wordings of this song but i got various types of references many were full of mistakes.

following paragraph i have taken from Wikipedia, why?
since in today's time people tend to believe this website (wikipedia or google or ?) more than my writing anything, that i have read, learned over last 50 years. Earlier in our India many things were taught or handed down by generation to generation through ORAL Tradition. Now days people have started asking for proof. Best example is of Shri Ram. Few in our secular India ask give any proof of existence of Shri Ram or few ask give any proof of Temple at birth place of Shri Ram. On other hand being asked about their faith and their belief they referred to something written 1400 years ago. In same breath they ask give proof of Mahabharat, Ramayan, or any thing which we have with us even Ved? Vedic literature Puran, Upnishads? all are a matter of faith or without any proof. So i dont know whether wikipedia or google will be considered as proof? or not?

Swami Vivekananda visited Khetri twice more in his lifetime— in April 1893 and in December 1897. In 1893, Vivekananda stayed in Khetri for three weeks— from 21 April to 10 May.[9]
An incident that happened during his second visit, which was later widely analysed, relates to Ajit Singh organizing a function where a courtesan was to sing. Ajit Singh invited Vivekananda to attend the performance but Vivekananda refused the request, explaining that he was a monk and thus could not attend such performances. The dancing girl heard about this comment and at the function she sang a famous song by Sur
O Lord, look not upon my evil qualities!

Thy name, O Lord, is Same-Sightedness.
Make us both the same Brahman!

The incident was an eye-opener for Vivekananda and he realized that everything is but the manifestation of God.[13][14]
On 9 May, one day before leaving for Bombay, Vivekananda was asked to visit the women's section of the palace where he blessed Jai Singh, the newborn son of Ajit Singh.[11]
this copy pasting also contains the links etc so that if anyone wishes to click it will lead to those links referred in this article on Wikipedia.
these two friends exchanged letters also. 

But still we don't have a picture of that dancing girl who sang a song that enlightened Swami Vivekananda ji. It was a simple request from a dancing girl to a Swami, that being a swami you should be unbiased? and dont look at my avagun, bad virtue or karma etc you are a swami and  like a God. Since God even don't discriminate why you are doing so?

Later in that song or through that song she said so many things, all were very true but they were the bitter truth prevalent in our society of that time.

प्रभु जी मेरे अवगुण चित ना धरो..
समदरसी है नाम तुम्हारो..
नाम की लाज करो
प्रभु जी मेरे अवगुण चित ना धरो..
एक नदी एक नाला कहे,
मेल हो नीर भरो..
गंगा मे मिल कर दोनो
गंगा नाम पारो
प्रभु जी मेरे अवगुण चित ना धरो..
कांटे और कलिया दोनो से,
मधुबन रहे भरो..
माली एक सामान ही सीचे
कर दे सबको हरो
प्रभु जी मेरे अवगुण चित ना धरो...
मदिरा पिए छोड़ गंगाजल..
व्याकुल मन हो गयो है पागल

मन मे रोग गारो
हो गुरु जी
मन मे रोग गारो
सूर श्याम की कृपा बिना..
कोई जग मे
ना सुधारो ना सुधारो ना सुधारो
प्रभु जी मेरे अवगुण चित ना धरो
प्रभु जी मेरे,
अवगुण चित ना धरो...
ना धरो,
अवगुण चित ना धरो..
चित ना धरो...

Try to search wording of this song and if you get a correct one kindly post it here.
Also it's sad that we don't have photo of that singer on the other hand we have photos of Raja of Khetri and also of Swami Vivekananda ji.
But how did she, a dancing girl, but according to me a great soul look like?

 But its a very sorry tale that we have picture of Swami Vivekananda and also that of Raja of Khetri, but dont have photo of singer?

Tuesday, June 27, 2017

Man ki baat All India Radio

Radio was there in India, but it was not in our homes actually. However in evenings the tune of #hawamahal in the neighbour's house told everyone in our building that time is 8:15 PM. Usually that was the time when in our homes people started preparing the dinner or few had it on that time. It was good that people had dinner while listening to hawamahal in radio of neighbor's house. If neighbours were benovalent then the sound used to be high so that all their neighbour's can listen, otherwise only the tune was on high volume and immediately sound was lowered so that they can not listen the programme. That raised BP of neighbour out of jealousy.
We had lost radio long back since 1980s when Doordarshan came into our homes with National Telecast/Broadcast. We saw that program when Smt Indira Gandhi asked Capt Rakesh Sharma how India looks from above. He replied that without any hesitation it is सारे जहाँ  से अच्छा Sare Jahan Se acha. i think it was in 1982? then another program which will be immortal for me was a program from Bombay where Noorjehan came to India and she sang. The News Papers printed headlines as She Sang!! Noorjahan Sang in India.  that programm was IMMORTAL MELODIES